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Daunorubicin Hydrochloride Injection

[10 June 2014]

Products Affected - Description

Daunorubicin hydrochloride solution for injection, 5 mg/mL, Bedford
4 mL single-dose vial (NDC 55390-0108-10)
10 mL single-dose vial (NDC 55390-0108-01)  

Cerubidine lyophilized powder for injection, Bedford
20 mg single-dose vial, package of 10 (NDC 55390-0281-10)
 
Daunorubicin hydrochloride solution for injection, 5 mg/mL, Teva
4 mL single-dose vial (NDC 00703-5233-13) 

Reason for the Shortage

  • Ben Venue has stopped production in its plant in Bedford, Ohio and will close in 2014. Ben Venue supplies multiple sterile injectable products for Bedford Laboratories. Supplies of product that has already been manufactured will continue to be released until inventory is depleted. Bedford Laboratories has a small number of products manufactured elsewhere that are not affected by this closure.1
  • Teva states daunorubicin was on back order due to manufacturing delays.2

Available Products

Insufficient supplies for usual ordering.

Estimated Resupply Dates

  • Bedford has Cerubidine 20 mg lyophilized powder for injection on long-term back order and the company cannot estimate a release date. Ben Venue manufactured Cerubidine for Bedford.1
  • Bedford has daunorubicin solution for injection 4 mL and 10 mL vials on long-term back order and the company cannot estimate a release date. Ben Venue manufactured daunorubicin for Bedford.1
  • Teva has limited supplies of daunorubicin injection available for drop shipment only.2

Implications for Patient Care

  • Daunorubicin hydrochloride is an anthracycline antineoplastic antibiotic. It is labeled for the treatment of acute lymphocytic leukemia (adults, children) and for acute myelocytic leukemia (adults), usually used in combination with other antineoplastic agents.3-5
  • Daunorubicin hydrochloride is also used off-label for a variety of neoplastic diseases including chronic myelogenous leukemia (combination therapy), acute promyelocytic leukemia (combination therapy), and anaplastic large cell lymphoma (children).3-5

Safety

  • Chemotherapy agents, such as daunorubicin hydrochloride, pose additional safety risks both for patients and for healthcare workers handling these agents.3,4
  • Use additional caution when processing orders for chemotherapy drugs, especially when switching between chemotherapy agents or when processing orders for chemotherapy agents with which staff may be unfamiliar (eg, those not normally prescribed at a specific institution).3,4

Alternative Agents & Management

  • The choice of an alternative agent must be patient-specific and based on renal function, liver function, and the neoplasm type and location. No single agent can be substituted for daunorubicin hydrochloride.3-5
  • Consider evaluating the health-care system’s total supply of daunorubicin hydrochloride before beginning patients on combination chemotherapy regimens containing daunorubicin hydrochloride. If adequate supplies are not available, select an alternative regimen.
  • Consult a Hematology/Oncology specialist for patient- and neoplasm-specific recommendations.
  • Refer to the ASHP Guidelines on Managing Drug Product Shortages for more guidance on developing a multidisciplinary plan when the supply must be allocated.

Related Shortages

References

  1. Bedford (personal communications). January 26, February 22, March 1 and 10, April 5 and 30, May 20, June 9 and 29, July 27, August 17, September 29, 2010; March 1 and 29, April 25, May 11 and 20, June 1, 15, 23, and 30, July 12, August 3 and 16, September 15, October 6, 13, and 31, November 7 and 21, December 1 and 14, 2011; January 9, February 28, March 20, April 13, May 1 and 7, June 20, July 11, August 28, October 22, November 26, and December 17, 2012; February 4, March 28, May 6, June 28, August 14, September 9 and 19, October 1 and 21, and December 4, 2013; January 13, March 31, and May 19, 2014.
  2. Teva (personal communications). January 26, February 22, March 1 and 10, April 5 and 28, May 20, June 8 and 29, July 1 and 27, August 17, September 29, 2010; March 1 and 30, May 9 and 31, June 14, August 1, September 13, October 4 and 27, December 14, 2011; January 17, February 27, March 20, April 12, May 9, and June 18, July 12, August 28, October 22, and November 27, 2012; February 5, March 28, May 20, July 11, August 28, September 13, 19, and 30, October 14 and 30, and December 4, 2013; January 14, March 31, May 29, and June 10 2014. 
  3. Beckwith MC, Tyler LS, eds. Cancer Chemotherapy Manual. St. Louis, MO: Wolters Kluwer Health Inc. 2010.
  4. Antineoplastic agents. In: McEvoy GK, ed. AHFS 2010 Drug Information. Bethesda, MD: American Society of Health-Systems Pharmacists; 2010: 902-1260.
  5. Drug Facts and Comparisons Online. St. Louis, MO: Wolters Kluwer Health Inc. September 2010.

Updated

Updated June 10, 2014 by Kristen Jefferies, PharmD, Drug Information Specialist. Created September 3, 2010, by Michelle M. Wheeler, PharmD, and M. Christina Beckwith, PharmD, Drug Information Specialists. Copyright 2014, Drug Information Service, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT.

Disclaimer

This information is provided through the support of Novation to ASHP solely as a service to its members, which shall not use this information for their further commercial use. The content was prepared by the Drug Information Center of University of Utah. Novation, ASHP, and the University of Utah make no representations or warranties, express or implied, including, but not limited to, any implied warranty of merchantability and/or fitness for a particular purpose, which respect to such information, and specifically disclaim all such warranties. Users of this information are advised that decisions regarding the use of drugs and drug therapies are complex medical decisions and that in using this information, each user must exercise his or her own independent professional judgment. Neither Novation, ASHP nor the University of Utah assumes any liability for persons administering or receiving drugs or other medical care in reliance upon this information, or otherwise in connection with this bulletin. Neither Novation, ASHP nor University of Utah endorses or recommends the use of any drug.

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