Products Affected - Description
Cisplatin injection 1 mg/mL solution, Mylan Institutional
50 mL vial (NDC 67457-0425-51)
100 mL vial (NDC 67457-0424-10)
Reason for the Shortage
- Fresenius states the shortage was due to increased demand and manufacturing delays.1
- Teva was allocating cisplatin to prevent stockpiling.3
- WG Critical Care was allocating product due to increased demand.4
Cisplatin injection 1 mg/mL solution, Fresenius Kabi
50 mL vials (NDC 63323-0103-51)
100 mL vial (NDC 63323-0103-65)
200 mL vial (NDC 63323-0103-64)
Cisplatin injection 1 mg/mL solution, Teva
50 mL vial (NDC 00703-5747-11)
100 mL vial (NDC 00703-5748-11)
Cisplatin injection 1 mg/mL solution, WG Critical Care4
50 mL vials (NDC 44567-0509-01)
100 mL vial (NDC 44567-0510-01)
Estimated Resupply Dates
Mylan Institutional has cisplatin 50 mL and 100 mL vials available, but with short expiration dates. The 50 mL vials have an expiry of May 2015 and the 100 mL vials have an expiry of July 2015.2
Implications for Patient Care
- Cisplatin is a platinum-based alkylating agent. It is labeled for use as a single agent for the treatment of advanced transitional cell bladder cancer, and in combination with other antineoplastic agents for the treatment of metastatic testicular cancer and metastatic ovarian cancer.5-7
- Cisplatin is used off-label for a variety of neoplastic diseases including squamous cell head and neck cancer, squamous cell ovarian cancer, lung cancer, osteosarcoma, esophageal cancer, adrenal cortex carcinoma, breast cancer, endometrial cancer, or liver cancer, and in patients undergoing hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. It has also been used off-label in children for the treatment of brain tumors and osteosarcoma.5-7
- Cisplatin is typically used in combination with other antineoplastic agents. 5-7
- Chemotherapy agents, such as cisplatin, pose additional safety risks both for patients and for healthcare workers handling these agents.5,6
- Use additional caution when processing orders for chemotherapy drugs, especially when switching between chemotherapy agents or when processing orders for chemotherapy agents with which staff may be unfamiliar (eg, those not normally prescribed at a specific institution).5,6
Alternative Agents & Management
- The choice of an alternative agent must be patient-specific and based on renal function, liver function, and the neoplasm type and location. No single agent can be substituted for cisplatin.5-7
- Consider evaluating the health-care system’s total supply of cisplatin before beginning patients on combination chemotherapy regimens containing cisplatin. If adequate supplies are not available, select an alternative regimen.
- Consult a Hematology/Oncology specialist for patient- and neoplasm-specific recommendations.
- Refer to the ASHP Guidelines on Managing Drug Product Shortages for more guidance on developing a multidisciplinary plan when the supply must be allocated.
- Fresenius Kabi (personal communications). May 16, 19, and 28, June 23, August 4, 11, and 19, September 5, 12, and 22, October 1, November 4, December 3, 2014; January 14, and February 24, 2015.
- Mylan Institutional (personal communications). May 16, June 9, August 1, September 8, October 7, November 4, December 3, 2014; and January 14, 2015.
- Teva (personal communications). May 19, August 4, September 11, October 7, December 3, 2014; January 15, and February 25, 2015.
- WG Critical Care (personal communications). May 21, August 1, September 8, October 7, November 5, December 3, 2014; January 15, and February 25, 2015.
- Beckwith MC, Tyler LS, eds. Cancer Chemotherapy Manual. St. Louis, MO: Wolters Kluwer Health Inc. 2010.
- Antineoplastic agents. In: McEvoy GK, ed. AHFS 2010 Drug Information. Bethesda, MD: American Society of Health-Systems Pharmacists; 2010: 902-1260.
- Drug Facts and Comparisons Online. St. Louis, MO: Wolters Kluwer Health Inc. May 2014.
Updated February 25, 2015 by Elyse A. MacDonald, PharmD, Drug Information Specialist. Created September 10, 2010, by Michelle M. Wheeler, PharmD, and M. Christina Beckwith, PharmD, Drug Information Specialists. Copyright 2015, Drug Information Service, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT.
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