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Rattlesnake Envenomations of the Southwest; an Arizona perspective


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Pharmacists trained in toxicology will discuss the most common snake (Crotalus [rattlesnakes]) envenomations encountered in the southwestern United States; specifically Arizona. Basic behavior descriptions of rattlesnakes: active times of the year, how/when they are encountered, preventative measures. Emphasis on treatments of rattlesnake envenomations: pre-hospital first aid, monitoring, labs, antivenom. Current clinical data regarding antivenoms (Anavip® vs. CroFab®), practical tips, bedside experience, and pearls.


Daniel DarrellDr. Daniel Jarrell is a Clinical Pharmacist in emergency medicine at Banner – University Medical Center Tucson. He earned his Doctor of Pharmacy degree from the University of Arizona College of Pharmacy in 2010.

Dr. Jarrell completed a PGY1 pharmacy practice residency and PGY2 residency in emergency medicine at the University of Arizona. He serves as the program director for the PGY2 emergency medicine residency program at the University of Arizona College of Pharmacy/Banner – University Medical Center Tucson.

Steven DudleySteve Dudley is a board-certified clinical toxicologist and the director for the Arizona Poison and Drug Information Center (APDIC), a center of excellence at the University of Arizona College of Pharmacy.

Steve graduated from the University of Arizona College of Pharmacy in 2015 and completed his toxicology fellowship at the APDIC in 2017.

In addition to his director duties for the poison center, Steve also serves as the director of the APDIC Clinical Toxicology Fellowship program

Dan MasseyDan Massey completed his undergraduate and graduate (Pharm D) training at the University of Arizona. He completed his clinical residency PGY1 program and is currently a Clinical Staff Pharmacist at what is now Banner University Medical Center. He is a Board-Certified Pharmacotherapy Specialist (BCPS) and is the Curator of Venomous Reptiles at the Arizona Poison and Drug Information Center, Tucson. Dan considers himself a self-taught naturalist with a passion for herpetology, specifically venomous reptiles. He has been collecting venomous reptiles in Arizona for 40 years (without being envenomated) and currently houses dozens of venomous reptiles used for educational displays at the Arizona Poison and Drug Information Center here in Tucson.

The information presented during the podcast reflects solely the opinions of the presenter. The information and materials are not, and are not intended as, a comprehensive source of drug information on this topic. The contents of the podcast have not been reviewed by ASHP, and should neither be interpreted as the official policies of ASHP, nor an endorsement of any product(s), nor should they be considered as a substitute for the professional judgment of the pharmacist or physician.