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Population Health

Clinical pharmacy services foster population-based health and wellness through comprehensive services provided to patients and other health care providers that include drug information, disease management, disease self-management education, lifestyle and behavioral counseling, and formulary management. Disease prevention is a priority in pharmaceutical care through provision of immunizations, tobacco cessation counseling, substance abuse education, and partnership with patients through medication therapy management (MTM) programs that ensure safe and effective medication use that optimizes therapeutic outcomes and healthy lifestyle behaviors to prevent the risk and burden of disease and injury.

Example of Transformational Change

Heart failure patients 50 years of age or older with low socioeconomic status and health literacy were randomly assigned to pharmacist-intervention or usual care groups and followed for 12 months.

Among patients who received pharmacist-provided medication management, medication adherence was significantly increased, while emergency department visits and hospital admissions were decreased 19.4% Annual direct health care costs were also decreased in the intervention group. See Murray MD, Young J, Hoke S, et al. Pharmacist intervention to improve medication adherence in heart failure: a randomized trial. Ann Intern Med. 2007;146(10):714-25.

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