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Pharmacy Operations

A Technician's Guide to Practical Dosage Calculations: The Safe Use of Conversions and Dosing Equations

Joy E. Sakai, Pharm.D.
Lead Clinical Pharmacist
Kaweah Delta Health Care District
College of the Sequoias Pharmacy Technician Program
Partner
RX Consultants
Visalia, California

ACPE activity #0204-0000-13-436-H04-T
1 hour (0.1 CEU)

Accurately performing pharmaceutical calculations is an important part of every pharmacy technician's job. This educational activity will address the most frequent causes of calculation errors and provide a strategy to prevent these errors from occurring. Using a practical case-based approach, faculty will discuss calculations that pharmacy technicians encounter on the job and also discuss the correct approach to problem solving.

The activity will address using ratios to convert between metric units, calculate a volume of a liquid medication, and convert between dosage measurements from the household system of measurement to the metric system. Also discussed will be calculating doses based on body surface area and calculating quantity of medications to dispense when a specific duration of therapy is provided in the prescription.

Learning Objectives
At the conclusion of this knowledge-based educational activity, participants will be able to

  • List two of the most frequent causes of calculation errors and a strategy to prevent these errors.
  • Convert between metric units when interpreting a prescription or drug order.
  • Calculate the volume required to deliver a specific dose of a liquid drug.
  • Convert dosage measurements from the household system of measurement to the metric system and vice versa.
  • Calculate doses based on body weight and body surface area.
  • Calculate the quantity of medication to be dispensed when given a defined duration for the prescription.
  • On-Demand

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A Technician's Guide to Pharmaceutical Calculations: Dosing and Dispensing Math and Compounding Calculations

Joy E. Sakai, Pharm.D.
Lead Clinical Pharmacist
Kaweah Delta Health Care District
College of the Sequoias Pharmacy Technician Program
Partner
RX Consultants
Visalia, California

ACPE activity #0204-0000-13-438-H04-T
1 hour (0.1 CEU)

In the workplace, pharmacy technicians perform pharmaceutical calculations on a daily basis. Performing these calculations accurately is vital to patient safety. Using a practical case-based approach, faculty will discuss dosing and dispensing math and compounding calculations.

This activity will address critical calculation situations such as calculating medication quantities for reconstituting oral preparations and volume of doses required to prepare injectable dosages. Also addressed will be determining the percent strength of a product when two volumes of given strengths are combined and converting a given doses to required volume of solution or number of tablets.

Learning Objectives
At the conclusion of this knowledge-based educational activity, participants will be able to

  • Identify the volume of diluent and the volume displaced by a drug in a reconstitution problem.
  • Calculate volume of doses required for preparing injectable dosages.
  • Round a calculated dose, as appropriate, to accurately weigh or measure a medication.
  • Find the percent strength of a product when two volumes of given strengths are combined.
  • Calculate the volume required to deliver a given dose of drug in solution or number of tablets.
  • On-Demand

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Best Practices for Inventory Control

Rebecca B. Brewer, CPhT
Supply POC
Naval Health Clinic Charleston
Goose Creek, South Carolina

ACPE activity #0204-0000-13-430-H04-T
1 hour (0.1 CEU)

This activity will describe the pharmacy inventory process, highlighting key aspects of storage and handling that must be considered when working with medications. Best practices for proper disposal of all types of medications and pharmaceutical waste will be described. Faculty will analyze variables in the pharmacy inventory process that may lead to drug shortages and describe strategies for alerting other stakeholders of an impending or current drug shortage. Pharmacy technicians will also learn key inventory concepts and terminology such as par levels, turns, cost of goods and others.

Learning Objectives
At the conclusion of this knowledge-based educational activity, participants will be able to

  • Describe the pharmacy inventory process and highlight key aspects of storage and handling that must be considered when working with medications.
  • Outline best practices for proper disposal of all types of medications and pharmaceutical waste.
  • Analyze variables in the pharmacy inventory process that may lead to drug shortages and how to alert other stakeholders of an impending or current drug shortage.
  • Explain key inventory concepts and terminology, such as par levels, turns and cost of goods.
  • Podcast
  • On-Demand
  • CE Monograph

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Crime Scene Investigation: A Focus on Diversion and Compromised Medications

Sandi Davey, CPhT
Pharmacy Business Operations and ADC System Supervisor
Community Medical Center
Missoula, Montana

ACPE activity # 0204-0000-13-465-H04-T
1 hour (0.1 CEU)

With the growing epidemic of prescription drug abuse and addiction combined with easy accessibility to controlled substances, drug diversion is happening and will continue to happen in the health care setting. That is why we, as health care workers, need to do everything in our power to prevent drug diversion from occurring, as well as protect our patients from receiving compromised medications.

This educational activity will provide pharmacy technicians with the tools they need to help detect diversion and prevent diversion from occurring, provide pharmacy technicians with the knowledge they need to track a medication's pedigree and its importance, as well as the knowledge to detect a forged or altered prescription.

Learning Objectives
At the conclusion of this knowledge-based continuing education activity, participants should be able to

  • Describe three types of drug diversion and identify tools that can utilized to detect drug diversion
  • List at least two ways pharmacy technicians can help prevent diversion
  • Explain what a drug pedigree is, how to track it, and why it is important
  • List at least two ways a prescription may be altered and describe clues to look for to identify forged prescriptions
  • Podcast
  • On-Demand
  • CE Monograph

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Meeting the Challenge of Drug Shortages

Erin R. Fox, Pharm.D., FASHP
Director, Drug Information Service
University of Utah Hospitals and Clinics
Salt Lake City, Utah

ACPE activity #0204-0000-13-427-H04-T
1 hour (0.1 CEU)

This activity will outline the variables in the pharmacy inventory process that may lead to drug shortages from within and outside your organization. Expert faculty will explain effective supply chain management to decrease the severity of a drug shortage. Communication strategies for disseminating information to stakeholders, including patients, about impending or current drug shortages will also be described.

Learning Objectives
At the conclusion of this knowledge-based educational activity, participants will be able to

  • Analyze variables in the pharmacy inventory process that may lead to drug shortages from within and outside your organization
  • Explain effective supply chain management to decrease the severity of a drug shortage.
  • Outline communication strategies for disseminating information to stakeholders, including patients, about impending or current drug shortages.
  • Podcast
  • On-Demand
  • CE Monograph

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Pharmacy Technicians: Pivotal to the Success of the Health-System Specialty Pharmacy

Michael DeCoske, Pharm.D., BCPS
Associate Chief Pharmacy Officer, Ambulatory Services
Duke University Hospital
Assistant Professor of Clinical Education
UNC Eshelman School of Pharmacy
Durham, North Carolina

ACPE activity # 0204-0000-16-413-H04-T

This webinar will provide an overview of the emerging health-system specialty pharmacy landscape. An overview of typical health-system pharmacy operations and the diverse opportunities for pharmacy technicians will be highlighted. Focus will be given to the valuable role that technicians can play in improving patient care.

Learning Objectives
At the conclusion of this knowledge-based educational activity, participants will be able to:

  • Describe the value proposition for health-system specialty pharmacy.
  • List innovative roles for pharmacy technicians within health-system specialty pharmacy.
  • Explain how pharmacy technicians can positively impact patient outcomes and satisfaction.
  • On-Demand
  • CE Monograph

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Safe Handling and Best Practices for Storage of Medication

Jennifer Murphy, Pharm.D., BCPS
University of California, Davis Medical Center
University of California, Davis Comprehensive Cancer Center
Sacramento, California

Jessica Turner, CPhT
Pharmacy Technician III - Investigational Drug Service
University of California, Davis Medical Center
University of California, Davis Comprehensive Cancer Center
Sacramento, California

ACPE #: 0204-0000-0204-0000-16-442-H04-T
1 hour (0.1 CEU)

Medication storage is a fundamental component of pharmacy operations from both a regulatory stand point and good clinical practice. Pharmacy technicians serve an essential role in ensuring that medications are stored properly. Components of medication storage include location, temperature monitoring and documentation. This activity will explore the different modalities of medication storage, including controlled temperature storage ranges, medication storage precautions, and understanding how to store hazardous medications. This activity will also cover some special considerations when storing vaccinations. Finally there will be a discussion on how expiration dates are defined.

Learning Objectives

At the conclusion of this knowledge-based continuing education activity, participants should be able to

  • List the different modalities of medication storage.
  • Describe various methods for temperature monitoring.
  • Identify controlled temperature storage ranges for different modalities.
  • Explain the most commonly utilized medication storage precautions.
  • Describe how to store hazardous medications.
  • On-Demand
  • CE Monograph

Safe Handling of Hazardous Drugs

Luci A. Power, B.S.Pharm, M.S.
Senior Pharmacy Consultant
Power Enterprises
San Francisco, California

ACPE activity #0204-0000-13-423-H04-T
1 hour (0.1 CEU)

This activity will assist technicians in identifying the risks of handling hazardous drugs. National guidelines and best practices for safe handling and storage of hazardous drugs will be outlined. Faculty will also review work processes that are unique to handling and preparing hazardous drugs with a special emphasis on the technician's role in these processes.

Learning Objectives
At the conclusion of this knowledge-based educational activity, participants will be able to

  • Define hazardous drugs.
  • Explain and identify risks of handling hazardous drugs.
  • Describe proper handling and storage of hazardous drugs.
  • Outline work processes that are unique to handling and preparing hazardous drugs.
  • Podcast
  • On-Demand
  • CE Monograph

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Using LEAN Principles to Solve Pharmacy Operation Dilemmas

Rebecca Szymanski, Pharm.D., BCPS
Clinical Pharmacy Manager
PGY1 Residency Program Director
Carolinas Medical Center - NorthEast
Concord, North Carolina

Alison Walker, B.S., CPhT
Technical Services Manager, Pharmacy Services
Carolinas Medical Center - NorthEast
Concord, North Carolina

ACPE activity # 0204-0000-15-421-L04-T
1 hour (0.1 CEU)

Pharmacy operations demand that staff work quickly and accurately to meet the needs of customers. By using LEAN principles in pharmacy operations, staff can more readily meet the customer needs in a more efficient and logical manner that will reduce waste. This program will provide a primer on LEAN principles. Case studies will explore how LEAN applications may provide solutions to age old pharmacy operational dilemmas.

Learning Objectives
At the conclusion of this knowledge-based educational activity, participants will be able to

  • Define LEAN and its application to pharmacy.
  • Explain how waste is defined in LEAN terms.
  • Discuss problem-solving strategies involving LEAN methodology.
  • Identify opportunities in your own work environment where waste could be reduced by using LEAN principles.
  • Podcast
  • On-Demand
  • CE Monograph

For Subscribers, Log In for CE Activities